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TOPIC: Sodium Chlorite FAQ

Sodium Chlorite FAQ 13 Jul 2012 21:31 #19838

  • Steve
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SODIUM CHLORITE FAQ


SODIUM CHLORITE POWDER ...........................SODIUM CHLORITE FLAKE



What is Sodium Chlorite
Sodium Chlorite is a chemcal salt comprised of 1 sodium atom (cation) , and a chlorite molecule comprised of 1 chlorine atom and 2 oxygen atoms (anion).
It is manufactured for the generation of Chlorine Dioxide gas, for various uses including many things from sewage odor control, to cleaning food equpment, to keeping cut
flowers fresh, to controlling biofilm. All these various uses have one thing in common. Microorganisms are being killed.
The problem is ... it's not legal to ship Chlorine Dioxide in any manner that doesn't involve huge costs and risks.
Because of this, Sodium Chlorite is manufactured, buffered, and transported for the on site generation of chlorine dioxide.

How is Sodium Chlorite Made?
In simple terms, Sodium Chlorate is activated (with a strong acid, or chlorine) to produce Chlorine Dioxide.
Lye (Sodium Hydroxide) reacts with the chlorine dioxide and it's then reduced with Hydrogen Peroxide.
The result is Sodium Chlorite.


What are the inert ingredients in Sodium Chlorite
The inert ingredients in any given batch of Sodium chlorite can vary, but will usually be comprised of salts
such as Sodium Chloride, Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Sulfate, Sodium Chlorate, and Sodium Hydroxide. The percentage of these ingredients
vary between manufacturers, and there are also differences in lots produced by a manufacturer.
Some of the ingredients such as Sodium Chlorate and Sodium Hydroxide are by-products from the manufacturing process.
Others are added as stabilizers. Your supplier should be able to provide you with a list of all the ingredients.

Are there different grades of Sodium Chlorite?
All of the Genesis2 literature on MMS deals exclusively with 80% Technical Grade Sodium Chlorite unless otherwise stated.
This is without a doubt the easist and safest type to source. However, there are occasions where only 90% is available,
particularly in less developed areas where you take what you get.

What about 99%+ ACS Grade?
While the fact it contains no inert ingredients may seem attractive, the fact is this grade of sodium chlorite is quite dangerous to handle.
At purities approaching 90%, Sodium Chlorite becomes unstable. It can be percussively explosive, cause organic material to spontaneously combust, and it is reactive to sunlight.
The inert salts added to the 80% and 90% Sodium Chlorite act as buffers and stabilize it.
80% is easy to store, handle, and is more forgiving to light, and temperature.

I will provide charts for mixing both 80% and 90% sodium chlorite in the topic on How to make MMS.
I would strongly discourage anyone without knowledge and experience with this chemical avoid procurring 99% Sodium Chlorite.

What is the difference between Sodium Chlorite Powder and Flake
The manufacturer, and/or the final application. Either one can make MMS Solution.
Jim Humble has stated that he has used both, and both work just fine.

How long can you store Sodium Chlorite
With proper storage, 80% Tecnical Grade Sodium Chlorite can last over 20 years. It should be kept in a dry, dark area, with no temperature extremes.
The dry Sodium chlorite may be stored in HDPE, or galvanized steel, or stainless steel. Keep in mind this MUST be kept dry.
You can also freeze i SOdium Chlorite. At low temperatures, the shelf life is virtually indefinite.
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Sodium Chlorite FAQ 22 Dec 2013 13:25 #38004

  • mart1n
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Steve wrote: SODIUM CHLORITE FAQ
How long can you store Sodium Chlorite
With proper storage, 80% Tecnical Grade Sodium Chlorite can last over 20 years. It should be kept in a dry, dark area, with no temperature extremes.
The dry Sodium chlorite may be stored in HDPE, or galvanized steel, or stainless steel. Keep in mind this MUST be kept dry.
You can also freeze i SOdium Chlorite. At low temperatures, the shelf life is virtually indefinite.


Good info, thanks.

I bought half a kilo sodium chlorite 4 years ago. I live outdoors all year and storage is quite a challenge I found out the hard way. Nature recycles just everything by time.

A frost-free underground "fridge", a plastic bucket and good quality plastic bags, not even 3 of them, did not protect against temperature shifts from just below the freezing point, to lets say 10+ degrees celcius. The air in the bag of my sodium chlorite has condensed and reacted with the sodium chlorite. The inner plastic bag has then disintegratet into hundreds of tiny bits and I'm now having a hard time filtering the plastic out. I would ofcourse throw it away if I had plenty more of unspoiled sodium chlorite.

Condensation of air can happen well above the freezing point as well.

For long term storage I will next time use airtight containers, or mylar bags, with oxygen absorbers. That should protect against water from condensation.
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